Dietary norms for elderly people with heart failure
Heart failure refers to a pathological state in which the heart function changes and the blood volume discharged from the heart cannot meet the metabolic needs of the body tissues.
Its nutritional treatment principle is mainly a small amount of meals, food is easy to digest, to reduce the heart’s load, and to limit sodium salt, prevent edema, and protect the heart.
In this case, the precipitation of the elderly with heart failure has the following requirements: (1) a small amount of meals.
Heart disease patients should not eat too much, the total daily heat energy is divided into 4?
5 intakes to reduce excessive dialysis and increase in dialysis after the meal, to avoid increased heart workload.
Dinner should be eaten earlier, should be light, do not enter or eat less food and moisture after dinner.
銆€銆€(2) Limit the sodium salt.
This is an appropriate method to control excessive heart failure.
In order to reduce edema, salt should be limited to about 3 grams per day.
銆€銆€(3) Appropriately limit the absorption of protein and heat.
When heart failure occurs, can the daily protein be controlled at 25?
30 grams, 600 kcal of thermal energy; 2?
After 3 days, the protein can be added to 40?
50 grams, heat 1000?
After the condition improves, the protein and heat energy are gradually increased, but it should not be too high, so as not to increase the load on the heart.
銆€銆€(4) Eat food that is easy to digest.
Heart disease patients with blood circulation decreased, causing blood stasis, edema, affecting the digestion and absorption of food.
Therefore, the food you enter should be easy to digest.
Start with a liquid, semi-liquid diet, then switch to soft rice.
(5) Adequate vitamins and appropriate amounts of inorganic salts, such as vitamin B1 and vitamin C, should be provided to protect the heart muscle.
Supply an appropriate amount of calcium to maintain normal myocardial activity.
Potassium has a protective effect on the heart, and when it is insufficient, it causes arrhythmia.
When using diuretics, in addition to potassium supplementation, attention should also be paid to the supply of magnesium and zinc.